Critical Analysis Of “Auguries Of Innocence”
‘Auguries of Innocence’ opens with a philosophical touch of describing infinity and eternity, relating a part to its whole and turning the abstract into the concrete. Under the biblical influence kindness to animals and children is the major theme and Blake shifts many times to the theme of corruption besetting the English society of his day.
Cruelty to animals incensed Blake. In ‘Auguries of Innocence’ he preaches compassion for animals. Pity, mercy and kindness he excites for the poor, helpless, innocent, gentle creatures. He says it enrages heaven and shakes hell when an animal, a bird or a child is abused and maltreated. He mentions the names of animals and there is a long list of animals and birds including birds like robin, dove, pigeon, skylark, cock, bat, owl, wren; animals like horse, hare, deer, wolf, lion, dog, cat and insects like caterpillar, moth, butterfly, gnat, beetle.
For an innocent child he is all love and kindness. He says that innocence and simplicity of children should not be laughed at. Evil ways of English society of his age have also been criticised. Blake says the corruption is leading England to its death. In a sweeping and causal manner he passes remarks, the remarks of a reformer, on different aspects of human behaviour. The underlying idea is the idea of warning mankind of the unhappy outcome of such behaviour. He talks of punishment for evil and reward for virtue.
He paints a gloomy picture of poverty and ignorance the English people of his time were suffering. He talks about a strange phenomenon of birth.Some are born to rich and cultured parents who live in comfort and opulence are born into poor and ignorant families destined to live in perpetual hell of darkness and poverty. There are topics of doubt, lie, deceit, pride, childhood, old age, joy and sorrow, love and jealousy, dealt with, with broad bold sweeps of an experienced artist.
Every couplet entails a moral lesson and serves with a warning of an impending punishment for the misdeed or cruel act. Critical Analysis Of “Auguries Of Innocence” is an ethical code with many pieces of practical advice, and wise counsel of a sage and a saint.
In the best of his songs Blake developed his characteristic lyric technique of compressed metaphor and symbols which explode into multiplicity of meanings adding: obscurity to thought in some cases. He gradually developed and integrated his symbol into an extensive mythology of his own devising.“I should make framework”, he stated, “or be oppressed by another Man’s.”
In Blake’s intuitive swift flights of imagination, words Tag behind his thought and expression. He leaves the reader in a maze of obviously unrelated signals. The idea is, in this manner, so mystified that decoding language to reach it is quite a baffling and futile exercise. Barring some parts of ‘Auguries of Innocence’, the couplets in the poem have simple language. Mono-syllabic words in iambic tetrameter in the first line to move slowly and heavily with distinct accents:
‘TO those poor souls who dwell in night’.
Monosyllables move more heavily in
‘Every morn and every night
some are born to sweet delight.’
Blake’s use of simile in the couplets is generally without ‘as….as’ formation. It is delicately embedded in the verse.