Keats Ode ‘Grecian Urn’, ‘To Autumn’, ‘To A Nightingale’


Keats Ode is described by arousing symbolism, most eminently in the arrangement of tributes. This is normal of sentimental writers, as they planned to highlight extraordinary feeling through an accentuation on characteristic symbolism. Today his sonnets and letters are the absolute generally well known and generally investigated in English writing.Some master pieces are here discuss into detail; ‘An Grecian Urn’, ‘To Autumn’, ‘To A Nightingale’

Keats Ode ‘An Grecian Urn’

Keats Ode An Grecian Urn From Text Book

John Keats visits British Museum. He sees an Grecian Urn there. Urn is the name of a holder, which is commonly used to put soot of the dead. The essayist doesn’t talk about importance or greatness of the urn anyway the grandness of workmanship alive and well of model which is cut on it. From now on, the poem isn’t on the urn anyway on structure.

Craftsman sees figure on the urn and feels its quietness. Notwithstanding the way that it is tranquil yet it describes to a story. Gloriousness lies as per onlooker; right now, of the figure depends upon visitor and watcher. John Keats feels that figure is relating to a story. In real factors, it is Keats who with his innovative powers makes a story and tells it to his perusers. Flute players, darlings and trees perplexes him yet he is sure that the figure is depicting a quiet lifestyle.

Keats verifies that inventive brain is better than this present reality. He comprehends transcendence of innovative brain. It is unstressed. Life, on the reverse is remorseless. Generally, people become loss of conditions. Their exercises truly are reaction to the conditions. In this manner, they don’t act yet react. In imaginative brain, one can do anything, whether or not he is fit or not. For instance, outwardly weakened can see, deaf can hear and cripple can live customary life in innovative brain. It is, right now, mind is superior to this present reality.

Whole work is innovative. Essayist hears music in his inventive psyche anyway it isn’t being played really. He conveys his euphoric second in Ode’s stanza.

Keats’ solid creative mind causes him to make music and listen it. Those tunes can likewise be heard, which don’t exist actually, along these lines, creative mind is pleasurable in light of the fact that each desire works out as expected in it. Then again, the truth is desolate and exhausting and it constrains an individual to respond on a circumstance. As opposed to activity, response is required, in actuality. Creative mind isn’t bound to rationale. It is additionally boundless. Besides, it improves the ability of doing the fixing.

John Keats likewise attests on the lastingness of workmanship. As of recently, he has certified that craftsmanship is prevalent yet for what reason is it unrivaled?. So as to clarify the prevalence of workmanship he alludes darlings, painted on the Grecian urn. They are attempting to kiss one another. The writer says that their affection is changeless and ceaseless. Individuals may kick the bucket, old ages will supplant new ages, time will pass hundreds of years however energy of affection will never blur. Without a doubt, their affection is lasting and everlasting. So also, the artist will for all time blow the funnel and music will be listened until the end of time. Grecian urn will keep recounting to this story to each individual, who will visit the historical center significantly after death of the artist. Specialty of the urn was felt by the Grecians; it is being felt by the artist and it will be felt in future.

Similarly, wonderful young lady on the urn will never develop old. On the off chance that she is upbeat, she will stay glad until the end of time. Along these lines craftsmanship is changeless and everlasting when contrasted with life. In any case, John Keats clears that the model is mum. It is consistent. It can’t move nor is it variable, while life is adaptable. Change is the law of nature. It is the hotchpotch of joys and torments. Once in a while it gives us delights and now and again distresses.

The writer at that point upgrades his story when he sees individuals, who are going for a sacrosanct reason. Keats makes a town for them in his creative mind. He likes that maybe the town, wherein individuals are living, is unfilled at this point. He makes an extravagant story from this creative mind and feels that individuals are fixed on the urn and nobody will come back to the roads or town. Nobody, will educate individuals of the town regarding the people, who are on the urn. These lines are apparent that John Keats is offered with God skilled nature of creative mind. Moreover, his affection for Greeks can likewise be seen here.

Last refrain of the sonnet is about the excellence of workmanship. The artist underlines on its significance and encourages individuals to take cover under it. Craftsmanship is lovely in his eyes. Its excellence lies in its forever. Individuals may blur and bite the dust however craftsmanship will continue as before. It will perpetually comfort mankind. He parts of the bargains a clarification of significance of magnificence throughout everyday life.

Get the job done is to state that “Tribute on Grecian Urn” is best bit of writing. It accentuates on the significance of magnificence and workmanship. Model, cut on the Grecian urn impacted the artist to compose this tribute.

Keats Ode ‘To Autumn’

Keats Ode To Autumn From Text Book

The Ode To Autumn was created perhaps On 19 September 1819 as Keats made a notice of it in his letter to Reynolds composed on 21 September, 1819. In the letter Keats stated, “How excellent the season w how fine the air. A mild sharpness about it” Really.” Without joking, pure climate Dian skies-I never preferred stubble fields to such an extent as now affirmative superior to the cold green of the spring. Some way or another a stubble plain looks warm………. this struck me in my Sunday’s walk that I created upon it” The Sunday fell on 19 September.

The sonnet was composed when Keats had a great deal of torment and misfortune around him. Tom was at that point dead. George needed to go to America and Keats being the oldest needed to mastermind cash. The watchman of Keats’ kids was not a thoughtful individual. His physical forces were likewise declining. His own adoration for Fanny Brawn was a reason for much anguish for him. At the point when he neglected to fund-raise for his sibling he came back to Winchester and delighted in understanding Dante and Chatterton. There is a lot of torment at the back yet the enjoyments of writing are likewise with him. The Sunday stroll by the stream Itchen demonstrated mitigating and he drank profound the tranquil magnificence of nature, which brought about his tribute To Autumn.

The tribute has an amazing topical issue. In the first place, it represents Keats’ thoughts regarding Beauty. Keats is famously known as a writer of Beauty. It is to be noticed that his idea of excellence isn’t restricted to reasonable appearances, bewitching sounds and exciting sights. It is an all extensive idea. It incorporates each part of human life. Delight and distress, torment and joy, giggling and tears have their individual spot and significance in it. Spring is wonderful, so is winter as is harvest time. Keats sees magnificence where others see torment and offensiveness. Despairing and distress are as joy and enjoyment. Before long he was to expound on despairing. She abides with Beauty-magnificence that must kick the bucket. There is a development of vision right now. When there is a development of vision, wreckage and joy, excellence and despairing go together. It is similarly noteworthy for the artist to manage one as to manage the other.

Secondly,the sonnet is a target introduction of reality of life. It is the “negative ability” of the writer, which is at its best. The writer has no character of his own. He takes equivalent savor the experience of making the wonderful character as in making a revolting one. He is a chameleon.

Keats is like that. He is not there in the poem at all and yet he is everywhere. This ode is the most Shakespearean of all his poems.

Shakespeare’s ‘Ripeness is all’ may be truly applied to the thematic contents of the poem. It is a poem of rich fruitfulness, prosperous farm-yield and abundance of musical notes. These are the various aspects of human life and every aspect has a voluptuous fullness. This is the richness of life and Keats has a vision of maturity to put it in a classically, perfect form. Keats sees life and sees it whole like the Greeks.


Poets generally lavish a lot of praise on Spring, on one talk of Autumn in kind and favourable words. Here is the picture of autumn as a season of rich and ripe fruitfulness. Only Keats could do it. The sun gets warmer day by day: the warmer the sun, the riper the fruits. It seems the sun and autumn have entered into a conspiracy to endow trees and creepers with the best and ripest of fruits and vegetables. Grapes, gourd, and the hazel-shells are filled to · the core, to ripeness. And there are flowers for the bees to collect nectar from.

Keats uses metaphoric devices to make Autumn a living figure. The sights of the season are presented in the most vivid way. There sits the rich farmer on his granary floor with his hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind. There sleeps the reaper who was drowsed by the fumes of poppy as he was reaping his swath. There goes the gleaner trying to keep steady and firm under the load of gleanings on her head as she crosses a stream of water. Another farmer, one who prepares wine sits by the cyber-press and patiently looks how drop by drop the precious wine falls in his pitcher. Autumn becomes a moving panorama.

Besides sights, there are some musical notes also in Autumn. Now spring is gone. Why cry for that? There is enough beauty in autumn. The wealth of the setting sun lies spread in its rosy hue, on the stubble plains arid music of autumn wakes up. The full-grown lambs bleat from their hilly-bourn. The small gnats make melancholy music in the river shallows. The hedge-crickets sing in the hedges. The robin red-breast pours out her shrill notes from some orchard and swallows gather in the skies making a twittering-twittering music. Is autumn less beautiful, less musical and less charming than your Spring?

Ode To Autumn was written in a quiet and serene and it has a quiet and serene note about it. There is no philosophical contemplation, there is no hankering after the mystery of life, of love, beauty or truth. One can read deep meanings but Keats does not pretend to pour out deep thoughts in this ode as he does in the Grecian Urn. He does not philosophies as he does in his Ode to Nightingale. The ode gives us a plain and simple description of the beauty and wealth and serenity of the autumn days. Simplicity and serenity are the two notable qualities of the poem.

Ode To Autumn is a faultless work of art and workmanship. Keats, with all his poetic qualities, is here in the poem, which has a unique rounded perfection. Thus, we have his pictorial quality, economy of expression, classical restraint, sense of proportion and metrical skill well exhibited in this poem.

Keats Ode ‘To A Nightingale’

Keats Ode To A Nightingale From Text Book

The Ode to a Nightingale is perhaps the best tribute of John Keats. The incomparable Romantic artist of the more youthful age. It has the entirety of the characteristics of the best of verse. It is an image of human existence with its pleasure and agony, the genuine and the perfect, and mortality, and everlasting status. It was composed when after the passing of his more youthful sibling Tom the artist remained with his companion Charles Brown. The states of the life of the artist were agonizing. The more youthful sibling had as of late inhaled his rearward in the lap of the artist himself. His dearest was there and he endured envious anguish at her hands. At that point the money related issues were a lot with him and the watchmen named by his grandma were extremely exacting. There was a craving to get away from the truth of existence with such a great amount of distress around. He made a conjured up universe, the universe of the songbird.

The Ode was made in May 1819 however we don’t have any precise date. His companion Brown gives us a record of the sythesis of the sonnet:

“In blossom season,1819, a nightingale made her house in Keats home. Keats very much enjoy her song; one morning poet sit under the palm tree with his breakfast table. he spend there at least three hours. At the point when he came into the house, I saw he had a few pieces of paper in his grasp, and these he was discreetly pushing behind the books. On request, I found, these pieces, four of five in number, contained his idyllic inclination on the melody of the songbird. The composing was not well intelligible; and it was hard to mastermind the refrains on such a large number of scraps. With his help I succeeded, and this was his “Ode to a Nightingale.” a sonnet which has been the enjoyment of everybody.”

Topical Issues

The songbird was a well known subject with the artists. The Pre Romantics and Romantic artists expounded regularly on the songbird. Keats had his own individual methodology. It is the most emotional of his tributes. We can see the artist all over. His own sufferings, the demise of his sibling Tom, the adoration for useful passing, an endeavor to get away and afterward the aches of genuine of his ‘singular self’ advise us that the writer gives an articulation to the distress of his spirit. The tragedies of the world are a lot with him and he needs a break into the conjured up universe of the songbird.

The artist needs a discharge from the reality of life however he can’t as Fancy can’t swindle him for long. The upbeat note is stood out from the difficult idea.

Cleanth Brooks communicated:

“The universe of the creative mind offers a discharge from the appalling conviction, yet simultaneously renders the universe of reality dynamically anguishing of course.”

The fact of the matter is agonizing. The world as such is where men sit and hear each other moan. Individuals experience the ill effects of some sickness. They pass on in their childhood. Wonderful ladies can’t keep up their magnificence for long. The tune of the songbird presents a brief look at the world without agony and languishing. It is the perfect: the writer would go there, he goes however to what extent would he be able to be be-fooled by Fancy! Reality occurs to him and he has returned to his singular self. There is no discharge from the ‘heavy looked at loses hope’.

The sonnet begins with a glad note. The artist is glad in the joy of the songbird as the winged animal is singing of summer at her full-throat straightforwardness. It gives an impression to the writer that the universe of the songbird must be liberated from the pollutes of hopelessness and torments. He needs a draft of vintage, some old wine so he may overlook all that the songbird doesn’t have the foggiest idea. A draft of wine cooled for long in profound dug earth from the southern pieces of France will have extraordinary quality. It will move the writer into the valley of blossoms, the place that is known for upbeat life where the laborers and straightforward people sing, and move and live it up in the splendid and warm daylight. He needs to drink with the goal that he may overlook the hopeless universe of humankind. Here is a differentiation between the real and the fanciful.

The fictional universe of the songbird is liberated from all that the real is loaded with. The universe of man is loaded with ‘exhaustion, the fever, and the fret’. Here the individuals sit and hear each other moan. They advise stories of setbacks to each other. Infection and passing surpass one, even a youngster develops pale and bites the dust. Excellent ladies can’t keep their excellence and nobody can adore them past the following day. He should flee from such a world, however not through wine yet through the intensity of Fancy, on the view less wings of Poesy. The dull mind puzzles however he is as of now there where the songbird sits and sings-it is all dim there as there are enormous trees and no moon-bar enters them aside from when breezes blow and some light channels through the green greenery secured trunks and branches.

The poet has powerful sense-perception. It is all dark in the forest but he can well guess each sweet flower that grows and blooms at the time of the season. He can easily locate each sweet fragrance and tell where a particular flower blooms, the grass, the thicket, the white hawthorn, fast fading violets, pastoral eglantine and the sweetest of all, the musk rose which is haunted by innumerable bees on summer eves. It is a very happy moment for him, a very opportune time to die. He has already been half in love with death. Now it is the right timo listening to the happy song of the happy bird. He will breathe his last with no pain. And yet the song will continue like a mass for the dead. His own death reminds him of the fact that human beings will come and go, but the song of the bird will go on forever. It will ever be a source of joy and comfort to the sad and miserable mankind as it has been in the past. It was a source of consolation to the rich and the poor.

It brought relief to Ruth when she stood with tears in her eyes in an alien land. It was the same song that brought comfort to the princess imprisoned in a magic castle by some cruel magician in a far off fairyland, forlorn. The word ‘forlorn’ brings the poet back to his solitary self. He is lonely and miserable, and there is no peace, no comfort around. The happy vision is gone and life is a blank Ode to a Nightingale is remarkable for its poetic beauty. It has all the qualities that go to make a poem great. The poem is a passionate utterance of the anguish of the soul on the part of the poet. It has a strong personal note but at the same time it has some mighty universal echoes. The poem was written soon after the death of the beloved brother of the poet and Keats has his own pangs of love. The ‘weariness, the fever, and the fret’ of the poet has become universal. The poet draws a picture of the world: ‘where men sit and hear each other groan’ and the words find an echoed in every soul:

Where palsy shakes a few, sad, last grey hairs, Where youth grows pale and spectre-thin and dies; Where but to think is to be full of sorrow. Or new Love pine at them beyond tomorrow.

Keats Ode To A Nightingale From Text

The desire to escape is common to all but escape who can? It is not despair which is important; it is the balance.

Keats is known for his exotic impression of the Beauty of the world around. He should appreciate what is excellent and must present it in the most delightful manner. The item should turn into a delight until the end of time. The Vintage will give a getaway to him and here is an image: immediately interesting ,what’s more, curvy:

Goodness, for a recepticle brimming with the warm South,

Brimming with the valid, the blushful Hippocrene,

With beaded air pockets winking at the edge,

What’s more, purple-recolored mouth.

The writer tunes in to the melody of the flying creature in outright dimness. It is ‘preserved dimness’ and he can figure every sweet bloom that develops on a specific plant:

I can’t perceive what blossoms are at my feet,

Nor what delicate incense hangs upon the limbs,

However, in treated haziness, surmise every sweet

Wherewith the opportune month enriches

The grass, the brush, and the natural product tree wild

At the point when the artist presents something, it rises out unmistakably before the perusers’ eyes. They can perceive what the writer has portrayed. One picture after the other is there and the sonnet turns into a banquet for the eyes. This pictorial quality is liberally clear in this tribute. ‘Burned from the sun merriment’, “blushful Hippocrene’, ‘beaded air pockets’, ‘winking at the edge’, ‘purple recolored mouth’ and so on., are sure articulations which put be finished pictures and the photos are just beguiling. At that point, we see the Queen-Moon on her position of authority encompassed by her brilliant fays. The rich innovative influence of the writer has introduced perhaps the best picture in the accompanying lines: ‘

A similar that oft-times hath

Enchanted enchantment casements, opening on the froth

Of dangerous oceans in pixie lands pitiful.

It is the imaginative aptitude of the writer that has placed the sentiment of the Middle Ages in only three lines. The words express and the photos develop before us and we are shipped to the place that is known for sentiment and valor.

Keats was a Greek, Shelley observed. The ode to a Nightingale amply illustrates this comment. From the very first stanza we feel that we are in the hands of one who is instinctively Greek. Allusions and references from the Greek lore are there in plenty . The dullness of the poet in the first stanza is like sinking towards Lethe-Lethe is the river of Hades in Greek mythology. It is the river of forgetfulness. nightingale is like “Dryad” a tree’s fairy and ‘The blushful Hippocrene’ remind us about wonderful and inspiring land of Greek.

Bacchus, the Greek god of wine is there as there is Flora, the goddess of flowers.Sovereign Moon with her brilliant fays again takes us to the wondrous magnificence of the Greek land and paradise.

The tune of the songbird move the writer to the past when the head and the joker heard the tune of the winged animal, Then, he is some place in the Biblical times where Ruth, a widow, lived and worked with her mother-in-law and wept silent tears remembering her native lands. The legendary romance of the Middle Ages is there when the princess or the Queen is charmed by the melody of song. Robert Bridges wrote about this poem, “I cannot name an English poem of the same length which contains so much beauty as this ode.” A poem is a poem and it will be folly to go for literal accuracy or historical veracity. The sublime is sublime: there may not be any logic in it. The sublime carries us by its sheer power of beauty and truth of feeling. Thus, the nightingale is as mortal as human beings are. But the poet says that the ‘hungry generations’ of mankind cannot tread the bird down. She will live forever, the bird is ‘immortal’. The bird is not immortal, we know but the charm of the song will ever be there and give solace to the weary and the wounded.


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