Government And Public Polices Syllabus Contents Are; Basic Concepts of Governance, Governance Indicators, Public Policy and Planning Institutions and their role in Planning, Accountability, Bureaucracy, Public Policy Formulation and Implementation, Multi-level Governance in Pakistan, And so on…

Government And Public Polices CONTENTS


I. Basic Concepts of Governance:

  • ·Cause of the term Governance
  • Definition of Governance
  • Definition of Good Governance
  • Characteristics of Good Governance:
  • Participation, Rule of law, Transparency,
  • Responsiveness, Equity,
  • Effectiveness and Efficiency,
  • Accountability, Strategic Vision Collapse/Failure of Governance:
  • its markers analytic instruments and Effects

II. Governance Theories:

  • CommunitarianismDecentered
  • TheoryLibertarian Socialism
  • Institutionalism Marxism
  • Neoliberalism Rational Choice
  • Theory Regulation Theory

III. Governance Indicators

  • laid by World Bank/IMF/UNESCO/UNDP/ADB, their Explanation & Application Level in Pakistan:
  • Voice and Accountability
  • Political Stability and Absence of Violence Government Effectiveness
  • Regulatory Authorities and their Quality Rule of Law
  • Control of Corruption

IV. Public Policy and Planning Institutions and their role in Planning

  • Institutional Framework for Policy Coordination and Planning(ECNEC, Economic Coordination Committees of the Cabinet,
  • The Federal Cabinet, The Secretaries Board, The Prime Minister’s Secretariat, The Planning Commission, The Money Division, The Cabinet Division, and every single Federal Ministry for their particular subjects)
  • Role of Planning Commission in Policy and Planning Strategic Planning in Federal Provincial Government
  • Local Government Role of International Donors in Policy Formulation (IMF Document “Update on Economic and Financial Policies 2013/14–2015/16, that supports practically all open arrangements.)
  • Public Policy and Implementation in Key Sectors (i.e., Health, Education).


  • · General Introduction to Accountability and its concepts(Standards, Symbolism, local and nation wide examinations, a Review of Contemporary Studies)
  • Types of Accountability-Political Accountability, Legal/Judicial Accountability, Managerial Accountability,
  • Professional Accountability, Private versus Open
  • Responsibility National Strategies against Corruption and healing measures.

VI. Bureaucracy:

  • Introduction to the Concept of Bureaucracy(History, Neutrality, Steel Frame of the State, Negative Connotations Associated with the term)
  • Theories of Bureaucracy (Max Weber, Marx, John Stewart Mill, Woodrow Wilson)
  • Role of Bureaucracy in Pakistan (British inheritance, common military relations, lack of bias, weakening of lack of bias, political loyalty, power, ruining the officeholder, institutional debasement, established ensures, ordering of compensations with the CPI or deficiency in that department.)
  • Public Administration and Code of Ethics (Effectiveness of the Postcode and the Code of Ethics, Comparison with different nations)

VII. Public Policy Formulation and Implementation

  • The Policy-Making Process: How Policies are Made (Six including conclusion and six phases with alerts to be practiced at each stage)
  • Policy Implementation and Role of Bureaucracy (Training, Pervasive Inertia and the most effective method to break it, Lack of Decision Making, Culture of deferment and postponements, Absence of assets, Political obstruction, Ability to state “No.”)
  • Policy Analysis, The Quest for Solutions (Lack of research in approach investigation, Absence of coordination among offices, mystery, receptiveness)
  • Policy Evaluation: Assessing The Impact of Public Policy, Program Evaluation Success, and disappointment of Govt

VIII. Multi-level Governance in Pakistan:

  • Legislature: National Assembly, Senate, Provisional Assemblies
  • Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Courts, Lower Courts
  • Functioning of the workplaces: President of Pakistan, Prime Minister of Pakistan Office of Governor, Office of Chief Minister, Federal Cabinet, Cabinet Committees, Federal Secretariat,
  • Provincial Secretariat Local Government framework: District Government, Zila Government, Tehsil Government, Union Administration…………….


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here