What Were The Human Behavior During War By Hemingway?
Ernest Hemingway is one of the notable and readable writers of American literature. His philosophical views about life are well-acknowledged v and considered not only by Americans but by people all over the world. His philosophy of life revolves around the oft-quoted quotation “but man is not made for defeat. A man can be destroyed but not defeated”. This saying of Hemingway was firstly read in his famous novel “The Old Man and the Sea.” In this novel, Hemingway expresses or shows his hero’s attitude toward the human struggle against cosmic forces which prevent man from enjoying victories.
What Were The Human Behavior During War By Hemingway? The role of fate or chance is very much evident in Hemingway’s writings. He presents it as a barrier in the way of man’s success. Most of his novels show a pessimistic outlook on life. Most of his heroes face many hardships and setbacks in their hardships and setbacks in their life and finally meet tragic death in most cases. The reason for this is that Hemingway himself had been wounded seriously in the Ist World War. That’s why he had known deeply and aptly that violence was one of the real and rude facts of life. Moreover, he always led his life as a struggle in which man had no choice except to fight. This very situation happened in Santiago’s struggle to fight against the sharks in The Old Man and the Sea. Here Santiago was bound to defeat even after winning his trophy (catching a Marlin). His Jordan is bound to embrace death even after getting his purpose (blowing up the bridge). Jordan fulfills all the set pattern views of Hemingway’s philosophy. He is the most typical hero of Hemingway. From the very beginning of his childhood, he had seen a negro being lunched and this human degradation haunts him even now.
In Spain, he observes similar atrocities committed by man, whether it was Maria’s tale or Pablo’s exploitation. He determined to fight for the interests of man at any cost in the world. He was against Fascists’ policies of trade and business He discarded fascists’ way of trading on the whole sale. It was direct exploitation of basic human rights because their actual belief was in totalitarianism. On certain occasions, he waves in his commitment and feels himself on the horns of a dilemma.
Sometimes, he prefers liquor in order to escape from the necessity of thinking in the arms of Maria. Maria is in hope of a happy life for him. He often postpones his idea of committing suicide just because of thinking of Maria. His mental and physical fatigue compel him to have sexual relations with her. His intercourses with Maria serve as cathartic effects for him and he finds freshness after this. After having done so, he goes back to his mission with a new zeal and enthusiasm. At the ending of the novel, we see that he becomes only an individual who fights for protecting his beloved whom he regards as a symbol for Spain. Actually, here Maria becomes a sole mission for him and he devotes himself wholeheartedly to him.
Hemingway is also of the view that life is a name of sacrifices and man is a puppet in the hands of fate. Man is ultimately bound to defeat sooner or later. The deaths of Elsardo and Anselmo can be best quoted in this regard. All the bloodshed is rendered fruitless for the fascists. Knowing the plans of the republicans, they started wiping out them.
One thing is very worthy to note here that the futility of heroes’ attempts has always been very much evident in Hemingway’s novels. In other simple words, we can say that his heroes always fail at the end of their attempts because they get nothing as the fruit of their attempts. It is also observed in his novels that forces of life are always badly defeated by the forces of evil and pessimism dominates optimism. But Hemingway’s heroes are not defeated or destroyed by these. forces rather they try to overwhelm them.
Actually, Hemingway gives the hero enough courage, dare, and resolution to enable hips to fight or struggle until the end. Moreover, he presents the hero as a man of wisdom and shrewdness. His heroes act wisely and justly. For example, Jordan tries his best to avoid any conflict with Pablo so that his mission may not be disturbed. For the success of his mission performs his duty at any cost whether he lives or dies.
He becomes immaterial and does not pursue worldly gains. Here, we see the philosophy of Hemingway in Jordan’s personality. For him, defeat or victory matters not, the thing matters is a consecutive struggle. Another specification that we see in Hemingway’s heroes is that death becomes an easy solution to the intricate problem of living. Hero’s consecutive work or struggle serves as the psychological satisfaction of his inner motivation and For Whom the Bell Tolls is proof of it.
We also see that there runs a political conflict in Jordan’s thinking. It divides his thoughts. Apparently, he accepts the discipline of communism yet inwardly he adopts or favors the guiding principles of the American constitution like a fraternity, equality, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The Red ideology tells him that there is no such thing as love, but Jordan’s case is different because he has experienced genuine love. He has seen what the Loyalist discipline is like and still, he fights for these people.
As we know that Hemingway has thoroughly and deeply thrown light on the concept of the “Lost Generation”. He also called this “Lost Generation” “The Waste Larders”. In the novel under discussion, we see that he gives the idea that heroism, a sense of duty, and a commitment to the human race have suspended the “Lost Generation”.
He is of the belief that if anyone dies as Anselmo and Jordan died then physical death means nothing. Hemingway’s concept of heroism is the concept of optimism because Jordan’s sacrifice is clear-cut proof of the sacrifice for the coming generation. By doing so, he has given a ray of hope to mankind. Santiago of The Old man and the Sea also claims the same when on one occasion he utters:
“It is silly not to hope. Besides I believe, it is a sin. Don’t think about sin” and “I don’t care who kills who?”
In brief, it can be said safelyabout the topic, What Were The Human Behavior During War By Hemingway? that all this above discussion indicates that Hemingway’s message is the message of hope and struggle. He inspires a new spirit of courage, Bravery, and endurance in his readers so that they may cope with the strikes of cosmic forces successfully.