How Many Kinds of Verb and Auxiliaries?
How many kinds of verb and auxiliaries are:– Verbs use to explain the activities of the doer and the receiver in a different context. They are based on present, past, future and other conditions.
A Verb is a word which is used for saying something about some person or thing; as, Birds fly. It is a very important word for there can be no sentence without a Verb.
The Kinds of verb and auxiliaries
There are three kinds of the Verb:
- Transitive Verb
- In transitive Verb
- Auxiliary Verb
Examples of verb and auxiliaries :
- The boy bought a toy.
- The man writes.
- He has come.
In sentence 1, the action denoted by the Verb bought passes over from the doer or subject boy to an object toy. The verb bought therefore is called a “Transitive Verb”.
Note: – Transitive means passing over.
In sentence 2, the action denoted by the Verb writes stops with the doer or subject man and does not pass over, to create an object. The verb writes therefore is called an Intransitive Verb.
Note: – Transitive means not passing over.
In sentence 3, the Verb has is a helper to the principal verb come to form its Perfect Tense called an Auxiliary Verb. It not only helps to form the tense of the main verb. It also loses its original meaning because the independent word has meant to possess. There is no idea of possession in this sentence.
Note:—Auxiliary means helping.
The Transitive Verb: -A verb is Transitive, if the action denoted by a verb passes over from the doer or subject to an object.
The Intransitive Verb: -A verb is Intransitive if the action denoted by a verb stops with the doer or subject and does not pass over to create an object.
The Auxiliary Verb:- An Auxiliary Verb is one which loses its original meaning and only helps a principal verb.
The Chief Auxiliaries Verbs are :
The various forms of to be (is, are, am, was, were, been, being), have, has, had, shall, will, may, might, do, does, must, can, could, should, would.
Direct and Indirect Objects Some Transitive Verbs take two objects after them. One of them is the name of something and the second is the name of some person or animal. The name of the thing is the Direct Object. And the person or animal is the Indirect Object; as :
- He narrated me (Indirect) a story (Direct).
- I shall give you (Indirect) a pen (Direct).
The given verbs as give, ask, offer, promise, tell, etc., need objects after them.
Note:–The object can be found by putting a question with, whom or what after the verb. Again if the question is possible and requires an answer, the verb is Transitive; if not, it is an Intransitive.
WEAK AND STRONG VERBS
There are two classes of the verbs. According to how they form the Past Tense from the Present. These two classes are:
- Weak Verb
- Strong Verb
The Weak Verbs:-If a verb forms its Past Tense by adding ed, d, or t to the Present, without or with any inside vowel change, it is called a Weak Verb; as:
|Present tense||Past Tense|
The Weak Verb
The Strong Verbs:-If a verb forms its Past Tense by merely changing the inside vowel of the Present Tense, without having ed, d, or t, added to the Present, it is called a Strong Verb; as
|Present Tense||Past Tense|
The strong verb
Note:–Such verbs are called Strong Verbs because they can make their Past Tense without having anything added.