This is a grammatical tense whose main function is to identify a position or an event in the present tense. This is used for the actions that are happening now. To explain and understand present tenses, are worth imagining time as a line on which the past, present and future are based. The term is usually used in the present tense in descriptions of particular languages to refer to one or more particular grammatical forms; These can have a variety of uses, not all of which necessarily relate to the this.
Present Indefinite Tense
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Urdu k fikry ma ‘ ta’ , ‘ti’ , ‘tay’ ata ha. Iss mai verb ki First Form Istmal hoti ha.
Wo khat likhta ha.
He Writes a letter.
If third person singular ( he, she, it, any name) comes, we use (s) or (es) after the first form of the verb, only in it. If verbs ends with (sh, ch, SS, x and o) we use the other hand(s).
Present continuous Tense
Urdu k fikry ma ‘ raha ha’ , ‘rahi ha’ , ‘rahy hay’ atta ha.
Wo khat likh raha ha.
He is Writing a letter.
(is, Are , Am)
Present Perfect Tense
Urdu k fikry mai ‘ chuka ha’ , ‘ Chuky hain’ , ‘ chuki ha’ atta ha. Iss mai verb ki 3rd form istmal hoti hai.
Wo khat likh chuka ha.
He has written a letter
( Has , have)
Present Perfect Continuous
Urdu k fikry mai ‘ raha ha ‘ , ‘ rahi ha’ , ‘rahy hain’ atta ha. Iss mai ‘ Time ‘ ka or verb ki 1st Form istmal hoti ha.Iss mai ” Since”, OR ” For ” ka istmal hota ha.
Wo subah sy khat likh raha hai.
Subject +Helping verb+Verb+Object
He has been writing a letter since morning
(has been + Have been )