This is a grammatical tense whose main function is to identify a position or an event in the present tense. This is used for the actions that are happening now. To explain and understand present tenses, are worth imagining time as a line on which the past, present and future are based. The term is usually used in the present tense in descriptions of particular languages ​​to refer to one or more particular grammatical forms; These can have a variety of uses, not all of which necessarily relate to the this.

Present Tense
Present Tense

Present Indefinite Tense 

Urdu k fikry ma ‘ ta’ ,  ‘ti’ , ‘tay’  ata ha. Iss mai verb ki First Form Istmal hoti ha. 

Wo khat likhta ha.


He Writes a letter.

Note :

If third person singular ( he, she, it, any name) comes, we use (s) or (es) after the first form of  the verb, only in it. If verbs ends with (sh, ch, SS, x and o) we use the other hand(s). 

Present continuous Tense

Urdu k fikry ma ‘ raha ha’ , ‘rahi ha’ , ‘rahy hay’ atta ha.

Wo khat likh raha ha.

Subject+Helping verb+verb/ing+object

   He       is     Writing a letter.

(is, Are , Am)

Present Perfect Tense 

Urdu k fikry mai ‘ chuka ha’ , ‘ Chuky hain’ , ‘ chuki ha’ atta ha. Iss mai verb ki 3rd form istmal hoti hai. 

Wo khat likh chuka ha.

Subject+helping verb+verb+Object 

He   has written a letter

      ( Has ,  have) 

Present Perfect Continuous 

Urdu k fikry mai ‘ raha ha ‘ , ‘ rahi ha’ , ‘rahy hain’ atta ha.  Iss mai ‘ Time ‘ ka or verb ki 1st Form istmal hoti ha.Iss mai ” Since”, OR ” For ” ka istmal hota ha.

Wo subah sy khat likh raha hai.

Subject +Helping verb+Verb+Object 

He has been writing a letter  since morning

(has been + Have been )

Important Short Questions Of 10th Physics 2022



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