International Law For CSS And PMS; The Universal law, otherwise called open global law and law of countries, is the arrangement of rules, standards, and principles by and large acknowledged in relations between countries.
International Law For CSS And PMS Contents
(ACCORDING TO FPSC)
I.Nature, Origin, and Basis of International Law.
- The Emergence of International Law, Early European Authors, The Nation-State
- The framework, The Enforcement of International Law,
- The Effectiveness of International Law,
- The Weakness of International Law,
- The Juridical Basis of International law,
- The Future of International law and Material Sources of International Law.
II. The connection between International Law and State Law.
- Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice,
- Primary Sources of Universal Law,
- Subsidiary Sources of International Law,
- International Soft Law
III. State in General and Recognition
- Character and Statehood in International Law,
- The Subjects of International Law,
- Recognition of State and Government in International Law,
- Recognition of State and Government in National Law.
IV. The Law and Practice as to Treaties
- The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
V. The Settlement of International Disputes.
- Arrangement, Mediation, and Good Offices,
- Inquiry, Settlement by the United Countries,
- Conciliation, Arbitration,
- The International Court of Justice.
VI. Worldwide Humanitarian Law.
- Universal and Non-International Armed Conflicts,
- Non-International Armed Struggle, ‘
- Warrior’ and ‘Secured Persons’, Protection of Wounded,
- Sick and Boat Wrecked Persons, POWs, Civilians,
- Limitations on the Conduct of War,
- Cutoff points on the Choice of Methods and Means of Warfare.
VII. The Use of Force
- The Law before the UN Charter,
- The Law after the Charter,
- The Collective Use of Power
- The Right of Self-Defense.
VIII. Worldwide Institutions
IX. State Territorial Sovereignty.
X. State Responsibility.
XI. State Jurisdiction.
XII. Progression to Rights and Obligations.
XIII. The State and the Individual.
XIV. The State and the Economic Interest.
XV. Strategic Envoys, Counsels and different Representatives.
XVI. War, Armed Conflicts and different Hostilities.
XVII. Lack of bias.