Islamic History And Culture about The authentic setting of Islam concerns the political, social, money related and social enhancements of Islamic human advancement.



                                       Part –I (Marks 50)

  • I. Pre-Islamic Near East: An Overview
  • Political, Social, Cultural, Religious and Economic Conditions in the Near East
  • counting Arabia before the beginning of Islam
  • II. The Dawn of Islam: The Prophetic Age (570-632)
  • History of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
  • A Chronology of the Major Occasions in his Life
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Motivator (Daa’i),
  • Major purposes of his crucial
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Military Leader/Strategist
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Political Leader/Head of the State
  • III. The Pious Caliphate (632-660)
  • Caliph Abu Bakr (632-34): Apostasy Wars and Consolidation of Islam
  • Caliph Umar b.Khattab (634-44): Establishment of Administrative System Development of the Muslim Empire
  • Caliph Uthman b.Affan (644-56): Problems and Issues in the Muslim Community
  • Caliph Ali b.Talib (656-660): Rise of Factionalism
  • Resignation of Imam Hasan and Establishment of Umayyad Dynasty (660)
  • IV. Political System of Islam under the Prophet (PBUH) and the Pious Caliphate
  • Nature of Islamic State
  • Type of the Government
  • Elements of the Islamic State
  • Power of God
  • Caliphate or Vicegerency of Man
  • Arrangement of Caliph
  • Shura or the Consultative Body and its Role
  • V. Institutional Development of the Muslim Civilization
  • The Early Phase (622-660) Advancement of Law and Judiciary in Early Islam
  • Organization and State Conduct
  • Protection in Early Islam
  • Instructive System
  • Engendering of Islam
  • Legacy and Culture
  • VI.The Umayyads in Power (660-749)
  • Political History of the Umayyad Dynasty
  • Statecraft and Administration under the Umayyads
  • Society and the Development of Arabic Literature.
  • Social Achievements

Islamic History And Culture Part –II (Marks 50)

  • I. The Abbasids of Baghdad (749-1258)
  • The Abbasid Revolution and the Establishment of the Abbasid Dynasty Managerial Structure under the Abbasids
  • Advancement of Scientific Knowledge under the Abbasids
  • Muslim Philosophy under the Abbasids
  • Social Achievements
  • II. Spain under the Muslim Rule
  • Spain under the standard of the Arabs and Moors (711-1492)
  • Political Fragmentation and the Fall of Granada (1492)
  • Muslim Contribution in the Realm of Culture, Arts and Architecture
  • III. The Crusades against Islam
  • Significant Encounters and Actors (1092-1228)
  • Effect of the Crusades on Muslim-Christian Relations
  • IV. The Ottoman Empire
  • Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Turks (1299-1923)
  • State, Society, and Economy under the Ottomans
  • Treatment with the Religious Minorities
  • Commitment towards Culture, Arts and Architecture
  • V. Sufism as an Institution of the Muslim Society
  • Root and Development of Sufism
  • Commitment of the Sufis to the Muslim Civilization
  • Relationship of the Sufis with the State and Political Authorities.
  • A Critical View of Sufism
  • VI. Islam and Modernity in Contemporary World
  • The Emergence of Islamic Modernism
  • Scholarly, Political, Economic, Social and Educational Aspects of Islamic Innovation
  • Spread of Muslim Learning in the West


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