WHAT IS ISLAMIC HISTORY & CULTURE ? CONTENTS are; Pre-Islamic Near East: An Overview, The Dawn of Islam: The Prophetic Age (570-632), The Pious Caliphate (632-660), Political System of Islam under the Prophet (PBUH) and the Pious Caliphate, Institutional Development of the Muslim Civilization: The Early Phase (622-660), and Part II …



Part –I (Marks 50)

I. Pre-Islamic Near East: An Overview

  • Political, Social, Cultural, Religious and Economic Conditions in the Near East countries
  • Arabia before the beginning of Islam

II. The Dawn of Islam: The Prophetic Age (570-632)

  • The Life story of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):
  • A Chronology of the Major Occasions in his Life
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Motivator (Daa’i), Major purposes of his crucial
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Military Leader/Strategist
  • Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Political Leader/Head of the State

III. The Pious Caliphate (632-660)

  • Caliph Abu Bakr (632-34): Apostasy Wars and Consolidation of Islam
  • Caliph Umar b.Khattab (634-44): Establishment of Administrative System
  • Development of the Muslim Empire
  • Caliph Uthman b.Affan (644-56): Problems and Issues in the Muslim Community
  • Caliph Ali b.Talib (656-660): Rise of FactionalismSurrender of Imam Hasan and Establishment of Umayyad Dynasty (660)

IV. Political System of Islam under the Prophet (PBUH) and the Pious Caliphate

  • Nature of Islamic State
  • Type of the Government
  • Elements of the Islamic State
  • Sway of God
  • Caliphate or Vicegerency of Man
  • Arrangement of Caliph
  • Shura or the Consultative Body and its Role

V. Institutional Development of the Muslim Civilization: The Early Phase (622-660)

  • Advancement of Law and Judiciary in Early Islam
  • Organization and State Conduct
  • Resistance in Early Islam
  • Instructive System
  • Spread of Islam
  • Monetary Administration
  • Legacy and Culture

VI. The Umayyads in Power (660-749)

  •  Political History of the Umayyad Dynasty
  • Statecraft and Administration under the Umayyads
  • Society and the Development of Arabic Literature.
  • Social Achievements

Public Administration Part –II (Marks 50)

I. The Abbasids of Baghdad (749-1258)

  •  The Abbasid Revolution and the Establishment of the Abbasid Dynasty
  • Authoritative Structure under the Abbasids
  • Improvement of Scientific Knowledge under the Abbasids
  • Muslim Philosophy under the Abbasids Social Achievements

II. Spain under the Muslim Rule

  • Spain under the standard of the Arabs and Moors (711-1492)
  • Political Fragmentation and the Fall of Granada (1492)
  • Muslim Contribution in the Realm of Culture, Arts and Architecture

III. The Crusades against Islam

  • Significant Encounters and Actors (1092-1228)
  • Effect of the Crusades on Muslim-Christian Relations

IV. The Ottoman Empire

  • Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Turks (1299-1923)
  • State, Society, and Economy under the Ottomans
  • Treatment with the Religious Minorities Commitment towards Culture, Arts and Architecture

V. Sufism as an Institution of the Muslim Society

  • Inception and Development of Sufism
  • Commitment of the Sufis to the Muslim
  • CivilizationRelationship of the Sufis with the State and Political Authorities.
  • A Critical View of Sufism…………..


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