Sociology is the study of society, social organizations, and social connections in particular: the deliberate investigation of the improvement, structure, communication, and aggregate conduct of sorted out gatherings of people



I. General Sociology

  • Singular: Sociability or the sociality of man.
  • Culture: Meaning and Characteristics (Culture is variable, scholarly, social, shared, transmissive, dynamic and versatile), types (Material, Non – material), capacities (move of information, characterize a circumstance, give personal conduct standard, moulds character) and components of culture (standards, values, convictions, sanctions, customs).
  • Culture and Socialization; formal and non-formal socialization, the transmission of culture, social relativism.
  • Sub-societies. Ethnocentrism and xenocentrism, Cultural slack, High culture and mainstream society. Multiculturalism, digestion, and cultural assimilation

II. Society: Meaning and qualities. Network; which means and attributes.

  • Individual and society.
  • Connection among individual and society.
  • Two fundamental hypotheses with respect to the connection between man and society (I) the implicit agreement hypothesis what’s more, (ii) the organismic hypothesis.
  • Social and social advancement of society (Hunting and Get-together Society, Herding and Advance Herding Society, Horticultural Society,

III. Agrarian Society, Industrial Society, Postmodern Society).

  • Social Interaction: Caste and classes, Forms of social classes, Feudal framework Pakistan,
  • Social Mobility-nature of social portability and its determinants in Pakistani society, Culture of destitution.

IV. Social Control:

  • Mechanisms of social control-formal and casual methods for social control, Anomie, Alienation and social Integration-Means of social combination in Pakistani Society.

VI. Social and Cultural Change and Social Policy:

  • Processes of Social and Cultural Change-revelation,
  • Inhibitions to social and social change in Pakistan,
  • Socialarranging and coordinated social and social change, Effect of Industrialization, Urbanization, Modernization and Modern Means of Communication on Social Change.

VII. General Opinion:

  • Formation of popular supposition, the idea of feeling pioneer, attributes of feeling administration.

VIII. Network:

  • The rustic network,
  • Traditional Characteristics of provincial life,
  • The urban network, Rural-Urban union, Urbanism, Future of urban communities in Pakistan.

IX. Social Institutions:

  • The nature and beginning of organizations,
  • The procedure of organization,
  • Functions of Social Institutions: Family, Religion, Education, Economy and Politics.

X. Social Problems in Pakistan:

  • High populace development rate,
  • Rural-urban movement.
  • Issues of specialized/professional preparing,
  • Deviance and road wrongdoing, Joblessness, absence of education and School drop out, Smuggling, Prostitution, Poverty, Drug Addiction, Child Labor and Abuse, Bonded Labor, Social traditions and Customs influencing Women in Pakistan, Violence Against Women and DomesticViciousness, Issues concerning the Elderly in Pakistan.

XI. Sociological Theory:

  • Three sociological viewpoints:
  • Structural Functionalism,
  • Symbolic cooperations and Strife.
  • Scholars: Ibn-I-Khaldun, Spencer, August Comte, Emile Durkheim, MaxWeber, Karl Marx, Parson.

XII. Techniques for Sociological Research:

  • Logical Method, Steps in look into, Types of Questionnaire Research Design, Studies, Observation and Case Studies.


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